The white smiles that Hollywood makes are, more and more – and sometimes literally – on everyone’s lips.
Having white teeth has become a necessity not only aesthetically, but also psychological. If your teeth exceed the normal limit of yellow you can look for a dentist in Tijuana to find the best solution for you.
But not all people have white teeth naturally.
And not always the yellowish tone they can acquire is due to tobacco or coffee.
We consult a specialist to know the causes and possible solutions.
1. Genetic causes
The color of the teeth depends on each person.
There is an important genetic determinant that defines the coloring of our teeth since we are born.
There are some congenital diseases “such as dentinogenesis or amelogenesis imperfecta that cause defects in the enamel or in the dentin, causing them to acquire a yellowish or even brown color.
It is a process that is inherited from parents to children.
Ehe endocrine alterations of thyroid hormones also influence the color of the teeth and can cause spots and alter their color.
2. What you eat and drink
Some foods and beverages have pigments that can leak between the pores of our teeth or, as the dentists call them, in the “dental canaliculi” of the dentine.
Some, like coffee or black tea, are better known, and others not so much.
For example, green tea also contains pigmentation that can yellow your teeth, as well as other beverages such as red wine or cola.
The same applies to foods that contain carotenes (a natural antioxidant pigment), such as carrots, tomatoes or spinach.
In some places the water can also yellow the teeth, because it contains tremendous amounts of fluoride, which cause an excess of this substance known as fluorosis, which causes stains on the teeth.
Fluoride is one of the most pressing problems in Latin America as a trigger of pathological processes that alter the state of oral health of patients.
3. Medications and treatments
Some types of antibiotics, such as tetracycline, can cause an alteration during the formation of the tooth, causing it to be born with a brown striated color.
Other products that cause teeth to become yellow are, according to the specialist, dental mouthwashes (mouth rinses).
In the case of silver amalgam (which is used for metal fillings), it contains pigments that, as Castro warns, end up being assimilated by the tooth and transforming its color.
With the endodontics the same thing happens: when the nerve of the tooth is killed, it darkens.
And it is that when there is trauma the blood coagulates, dying the tooth from the inside out.
In any case, there are new solutions, such as the use of composites or composite resins.
4. The passage of time (and care)
Another factor no less important is the passage of time.
As we get older, the teeth turn yellow.
It is normal that with age the teeth yellow, because from birth to death we subject them to a series of conditions that cause changes in them.
But it is also fundamental how we take care of our teeth. And, above all, how we clean it.